The “standing caliph” coins, the earliest series that can be described as unquestionably Islamic, were struck in the name of the caliph ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. The standing figure on the obverse is believed to represent the Caliph himself.
In AH77 (696/97 AD), ’Abd al-Malik abolished figural coinage altogether in favour of coins bearing Quranic inscriptions. The new series of coins bore no reference to the Caliph.
Obverse: Standing figure of the caliph, robed, with a girdle band; flowing folds of a kufiyya falling to either side of his head. His right hand grips the pommel of his sword; whip hanging from right elbow. Clockwise from 12 o’clock: J li-‘abd allah ‘abd al-malik amir al-mu’minin (for the Servant of God, ‘Abd al-Malik, Commander of the Faithful)
Reverse: Pole standing on three steps with circle near top on right (modified version of the cross seen on Byzantine coinage). Left: Halab. Right: Waf (full weight). Around: Kalima “la ilah illa allah wahdahu muhammad rasul allah”